How do you treat guttural pouch infection in horses?
Treatment of choice includes antibiotics, flushing the guttural pouch with a physiologic solution to remove the pus, and analgesic (pain-killing) drugs. In severe cases, the pus might have to be removed by surgical drainage. In rare cases, the pus hardens into round balls called chondroids.
What fungus causes guttural pouch?
The cause of guttural pouch mycosis is unknown, but the fungus Aspergillus is the most common type of fungus identified. There is no age, sex, breed, or geographical predisposition.
What does the guttural pouch do in horses?
In horses, guttural pouches are lined with a thin membrane and surrounded by several very important structures, including the internal carotid artery and cranial nerves that control facial expression, swallowing, and upper respiratory tract function.
How contagious is strangles in horses?
Strangles is highly contagious. It can spread rapidly from animal to animal and is one of the more common bacterial infections of horses. How does it spread? The disease is spread via nasal secretions (snorting, coughing, physical nose-to-nose contact) and pus from draining abscesses.
How do you treat a sinus infection in a horse?
Once an infection is determined, it can be treated with antibiotics or, in more severe cases, a lavage (flushing) of the sinuses. After your horse is sedated, a small hole is made in the facial bones to access the sinuses for irrigation.
What is the incubation period for strangles in horses?
The incubation period can be as short as four days to five days or as long as two weeks after exposure. Incubation depends on climatic conditions and overcrowding of animals. Incubating or recovered (but shedding) equines attending shows and sales, are frequent sources of infection.
Can a vaccinated horse get strangles?
Strangles commonly affects young horses (weanlings and yearlings), but horses of any age can be infected. Vaccination against S.
Where are the longus capitis and Longus colli located?
The longus capitis and longus colli originate from cervical vertebrae and the first 5-6 thoracic vertebrae. The intertranswersarii are small muscles which are placed between the vertebrae transverse processes.
Where is the longus capitis muscle located in the pharynx?
It has an ascending vertical course, along the posterolateral wall of pharynx, anterior to the longus capitis muscle, and medial to the styloglossus and stylopharyngeus muscles (Fig. 2-8A, B ).
Where does the semispinalis capitis muscle originate?
Muscle anatomy from the poll of the horse, along the back. The semispinalis capitis originates on the cervical vertebrae and the firs 6-7 thoracic vertebrae and inserts on the occipital bone. It operates alongside the splenius to help lower the neck and bend the neck and head laterally.
What kind of endoscopy is used for longus capitis?
Katie L. Snalune BSc MA VetMB Cert EM (Int.Med.) Cert ES (Soft Tissue) MRCVS, in Clinical Equine Oncology, 2015 Endoscopy is essential to identify the source of epistaxis, if present.