What are the four schools of Islamic jurisprudence?
Sunni Islam is divided into four schools of law or fiqh (religious jurisprudence): Hanafi, Shafi, Maliki and Hanbali. There are minor differences among these schools of law.
What are the four Madhabs in Islam?
The major Sunni madhhabs are Hanafi, Maliki, Shafi’i and Hanbali. They emerged in the ninth and tenth centuries CE and by the twelfth century almost all jurists aligned themselves with a particular madhhab.
How many schools are there in Islamic law?
There are four important schools of law among Sunni. They are Hanafi, Maliki, Shafei and Hanbali. Hanafi School (Koofa School): It is the first and most popular school in Muslim law.
What are the fields of Islamic jurisprudence?
Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh) covers two main areas:
- Rules in relation to actions, and,
- Rules in relation to circumstances surrounding actions.
How many wives are allowed according to Quran?
According to the Quran, a man may have up to four legal wives only if there is a fear of being unjust to non-married orphan girls. Even then, the husband is required to treat all wives equally. If a man fears that he will not be able to meet these conditions then he is not allowed more than one wife.
How many parts of jurisprudence are there?
Jurisprudence, Science or philosophy of law. Jurisprudence may be divided into three branches: analytical, sociological, and theoretical.
How are the four schools of law applied in Islam?
Although the Muslims generally apply the Islamic law according to the principles and details laid down by the four ancient jurists, legal situations keep arising from time to time for which there are no clear answers in these early schools of law.
Which is the best description of Islamic jurisprudence?
Therefore Islamic jurisprudence is the study, knowledge, skill and theory of Islamic law. Jurisprudence includes principles behind law that make the law. Fiqh: ‘knowledge of the practical rules of Shari’ah acquired from the detailed evidence in the sources’. Fiqh, is the law itself whereas usul al-fiqh is the methodology of the law.
Which is the ultimate source of Islamic law?
They all acknowledge the authority of the Holy Qur’an and the Traditions as the ultimate source of the Islamic law. Only in areas and situations where these two sources are silent, do the four schools use their independent reasoning in which they may differ with each other. 1. The Hanafiyya School
Which is the best book on Islamic law?
An Introduction to Islamic Law. (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982) 4 Coulson, N, A History of Islamic Law. (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 1994) p. 36 5 Αl-ra’y -“Personal opinion”. Used by certain jurists opposed to the Traditionalists when interpreting religious law (fiqh).