Users' questions

What causes calcium phosphate kidney stones?

What causes calcium phosphate kidney stones?

The cause of calcium phosphate stones is often obscure but most often related to a high urine pH. Some patients with calcium phosphate stones may have incomplete renal tubular acidosis. Others have distal renal tubular acidosis characterized by hyperchloremic acidosis, hypocitraturia, and high urine pH.

What foods cause kidney stones in dogs?

To decrease the chances of your dog developing bladder stones, or having them return once dissolved, you should avoid feeding foods that contain high levels of oxalate such as spinach, sweet potatoes, organ meat and brown rice.

What causes calcium phosphate crystals in urine?

The formation of calcium phosphate crystals can be caused by a combination of factors including decreased urine volume, urine alkalinization (increased pH), or a diet rich in calcium (dairy products).

How do you prevent calcium phosphate kidney stones?

For prevention of calcium phosphate and struvite stones, urine should be acidified; cranberry juice or betaine can lower urine pH. Antispasmodic medications, ureteroscopy, and metabolic testing are increasingly being used to augment fluid and pain medications in the acute management of kidney stones.

How is calcium phosphate kidney stones treated?

In addition, thiazide diuretics such as hydrochlorothiazide can help the kidney absorb more calcium, leaving less of it in the urine where it can form stones. Potassium citrate is another medication that can bind to calcium and help keep calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate in the urine from forming into stones.

What are the side effects of calcium phosphate?

Calcium phosphate side effects

  • severe nausea, vomiting, or constipation; or.
  • high blood calcium–confusion, tiredness, loss of appetite, increased thirst or urination, weight loss; or.
  • symptoms of a kidney stone–severe pain in your side or lower back, blood in your urine, painful urination.

Are bananas good for kidney stones?

Bananas may be a particularly helpful remedy against kidney stones, as they are rich in potassium, vitamin B6 and magnesium and low in oxalates. Studies have shown that consuming a banana per day can help reduce the likelihood of developing kidney problems.

What can I give my dog for kidney stones?

“Examples include brewer’s yeast for dogs with urate stones, vitamin C or calcium for dogs with calcium oxalate stones, or products that alkalinize the urine for struvite stones.” A specially-formulated diet is a powerful tool that can prevent and treat some types of bladder stones in cats and dogs.

What is the difference between calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate stones?

Compared with calcium oxalate stone formers, patients with mixed calcium oxalate/calcium phosphate stones have lower urine citrate and higher pH, whereas patients with predominantly calcium phosphate stones have even lower citrate and higher pH (9).

How do you get rid of calcium oxalate crystals in urine?

Small stones may pass on their own without treatment in about four to six weeks. You can help flush out the stone by drinking extra water. Your doctor can also prescribe an alpha-blocker like doxazosin (Cardura) or tamsulosin (Flomax). These drugs relax your ureter to help the stone pass from your kidney more quickly.

Are calcium phosphate kidney stones common?

Calcium stones are the most common type of kidney stones, and can be either calcium oxalate or calcium phosphate. As mentioned, good hydration is important to prevent calcium stones.

When should I take calcium phosphate?

Calcium phosphate (tricalcium phosphate) is a mineral that is used as a supplement in people who do not get enough calcium from food. Calcium phosphate is used to treat calcium deficiencies that may be associated with low blood calcium, a parathyroid disorder, or osteoporosis and other bone conditions.

Why does my dog keep getting kidney stones?

Mostly, your dog becomes susceptible to calcium oxalate stones if you have overdosed them with antibiotics for any particular medical reason. Sometimes, a certain breed of dogs can develop calcium oxalate stones due to genetic reasons as well. Some vet experts term it as magnesium ammonium phosphate or triple phosphate stones.

What causes calcium oxalate bladder stones in dogs?

Recent studies have shown diets that cause high urine acidity (urine pH less than 6.5) may predispose dogs to develop this type of bladder stone. There are likely other causes of calcium oxalate bladder stones. Over-usage of antibiotics may reduce numbers of the intestinal bacteria Oxalobacter formigenes whose sole nutrient is oxalate.

What foods can cause kidney and bladder stones in dogs?

Calcium is a healthy ingredient and having tons of health benefits, but overeating can lead to kidney and bladder stones. If your dog has stones history, then feed them less-acidic and more dilute urine diet. For Example – Wheat germ, sweet potatoes, beans, and soy products spinach, Rhubarb, Grits, Beets, Almonds and cashews, Okra, etc.

What kind of minerals are in kidney stones?

Kidney stones can be made up of several types of minerals, including: 1 Uric acid 2 Calcium oxalate 3 Struvite (magnesium ammonium phosphate) 4 Cystine 5 Calcium phosphate