What damage did the 2004 earthquake cause?

What damage did the 2004 earthquake cause?

Tsunami of 2004, caused by a 9.0 magnitude earthquake, is the most devastating tsunami in modern times, affecting 18 countries in Southeast Asia and Southern Africa, killing more than 250,000 people in a single day, and leaving more than 1.7 million homeless.

What caused the 2004 Indonesian earthquake?

The earthquake was caused by a rupture along the fault between the Burma Plate and the Indian Plate. A series of massive tsunami waves grew up to 30 m (100 ft) high once heading inland, after being created by the underwater seismic activity offshore.

What effect did the 2004 tsunami have on the environment?

There were some environmental impact as an aftermath of the tsunami. In the affected region, crops were destroyed and farm land was ruined by the salt water. Many forest and trees such as mangrove forests along the coast were also destroyed. Coral reefs and coastal wetlands were damaged.

Was Indonesia affected by the 2004 tsunami?

The tsunami killed at least 225,000 people across a dozen countries, with Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Maldives, and Thailand sustaining massive damage. Indonesian officials estimated that the death toll there alone ultimately exceeded 200,000, particularly in northern Sumatra’s Aceh province.

What countries did the 2004 tsunami hit?

Eighteen (18) countries around the Indian Ocean sustained damage from the tsunami. The countries affected were Indonesia, Thailand, India, Sri-Lanka, Malaysia, Myanmar, Bangladesh, Maldives, Reunion Island (French), Seychelles, Madagascar, Mauritius, Somalia, Tanzania, Kenya, Oman, South Africa and Australia.

What was life like after the 2004 tsunami?

Many lost family and friends. About half moved to camps that were set up for the displaced. The other half moved to other communities and lived with family or friends or rented homes. Fully two-thirds of the population in badly damaged areas moved away.

Can you swim out of a tsunami?

“A person will be just swept up in it and carried along as debris; there’s no swimming out of a tsunami,” Garrison-Laney says. “There’s so much debris in the water that you’ll probably get crushed.” A tsunami is actually a series of waves, and the first one might not be the largest.

How many tourists died in tsunami 2004?

December 26, 2004 +1.5 hours: Beaches in southern Thailand are hit by the tsunami. Among the 5,400 who died were 2,000 foreign tourists. +2 hours: The tsunami strikes the Sri Lankan coastline from the northeast and all around the southern tip; more than 30,000 people are dead or missing.

How many earthquakes were in Indonesia?

Based on the records of the USGS , Indonesia has had more than 150 earthquakes with magnitude > 7 in the period 1901–2017.

Where did the tsunami hit?

The first recorded tsunami in Japan, it hit on 29 November 684 on the shore of the Kii, Shikoku, and Awaji region. The earthquake, estimated at magnitude 8.4, [15] was followed by a huge tsunami, but no estimates exist for the number of deaths. [26]

What are facts about the Indian Ocean tsunami?

Scientists believe that an asteroid struck the Indian Ocean about 4,800 years ago. Earthquake-induced tsunamis are created along subduction zones, or when a lighter tectonic plate is forced above a heavier plate. The sudden rise or fall of the ocean floor displaces the entire overlying water column.

When did the tsunami hit Thailand?

Thailand was one of the countries that was hit by the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami. Due to proximity of the Andaman coasts of Thailand situated just about 500 km east of the earthquake epicentre, the tsunami took just 2 hours to reach and strike the western coastline of the country. The Thai government reported 4,812 confirmed deaths, 8,457 injuries, and 4,499 missing after the country was hit by a tsunami caused by the Indian Ocean earthquake on 26 December 2004.