What does the legal term plaintiff mean?
In a civil matter, the party who initiates a lawsuit (against the defendant).
What does the meaning of plaintiff?
Plaintiff, the party who brings a legal action or in whose name it is brought—as opposed to the defendant, the party who is being sued.
What is a plaintiff in a criminal case?
A plaintiff (Π in legal shorthand) is the party who initiates a lawsuit (also known as an action) before a court. In criminal cases, the prosecutor brings the case against the defendant, but the key complaining party is often called the “complainant”.
What is an example of definition of a plaintiff?
The definition of a plaintiff is someone who brings a lawsuit against someone into court. An example of a plaintiff is a wife filing for divorce.
What is the modern term for plaintiff?
Claimant – the term for the party who initiates a lawsuit. When the Civil Procedure Rules were introduced in 1999 it replaced the former term plaintiff.
Is the plaintiff the victim?
In legal terms, the plaintiff is the person who brings a lawsuit against another party. This is not to be confused with being seen as the victim in a lawsuit, because being the plaintiff doesn’t mean you’re in the right. It’s simply the legal term for being the person who filed a lawsuit against the defendant.
What is the nearest in meaning of plaintiff?
synonyms: complainant. Antonyms: defendant, suspect. a person or institution against whom an action is brought in a court of law; the person being sued or accused. types: petitioner, suer.
Is plaintiff civil or criminal?
While the term plaintiff is always associated with civil litigation, the wrongdoer is called a defendant in both civil litigation and a criminal prosecution, so this can be confusing. The defendant can be any person or thing that has caused harm, including an individual, corporation, or other business entity.
Does the prosecutor talk to the victim?
Prosecutor To Inform the Court of Victim’s Views As an alternative to—and, in some states, in addition to—permitting the victim to address the court or submit a victim impact statement, the prosecutor must inform the court of the victim’s position on the plea agreement.
What a victim should expect in court?
As the victim you will be the prosecution’s main witness. You will be subpoenaed (a legal written notice sent to you) if the police want you to be a witness. If you need to pay travel costs to attend court you should contact the police to tell them you need money for travel costs.
What’s another name for plaintiff?
In this page you can discover 19 synonyms, antonyms, idiomatic expressions, and related words for plaintiff, like: accuser, prosecutor, complainant, law, pursuer, litigant, claimant, testator, defendant, appellant and the-prosecution.
Is plaintiff and prosecutor the same?
The prosecution represents the people and is tasked with gathering information to “prove beyond a reasonable doubt.” A plaintiff is a person or group who suspects that there was an unjust action taken against them. While both are the ones that present a case to a court, they have different procedures to handle them.
What is the legal definition of a plaintiff?
n. the party who initiates a lawsuit by filing a complaint with the clerk of the court against the defendant(s) demanding damages, performance and/or court determination of rights.
What is the legal definition of a facultative obligation?
Facultative Obligation Law and Legal Definition. Facultative obligation refers to a type of obligation where one thing is due, but another is paid in its place. In such type of obligations there is no alternative provided. The debtor is given the right to substitute the thing due with another that is not due.
Who is the legal plaintiff and equitable plaintiff?
The legal plaintiff is he in whom the legal title or cause of action is vested. The equitable plaintiff is he who, not having the legal title, yet, is in equity entitled to the thing sued for; for example, when a suit is brought by Benjamin Franklin for the use of Robert Morris, Benjamin Franklin is the legal, and Robert Morris…
What kind of lawsuit does a plaintiff file?
The type of lawsuit that a plaintiff files varies greatly depending on the wrongdoing that took place. Some of the most common types of civil disputes heard in court include: In both civil and criminal proceedings, the action begins when the Plaintiff files a Summons and Complaint against the Defendant.