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What does the word quadriplegic mean?

What does the word quadriplegic mean?

Quadriplegia refers to paralysis from the neck down, including the trunk, legs and arms. The condition is typically caused by an injury to the spinal cord that contains the nerves that transmit messages of movement and sensation from the brain to parts of the body.

What is the difference between a quadriplegic and a tetraplegic?

The simplest Tetraplegia definition is that it is a form of paralysis that affects both arms and both legs. Quadriplegia is another term for tetraplegia—they are the same condition. However, most doctors use the term tetraplegia in official documentation. A person with tetraplegia is referred to as a tetraplegic.

What is a quad paraplegic?

Summary. Paraplegia refers to the loss of movement and sensation in both legs and, sometimes, part of the lower abdomen. Quadriplegia affects all four limbs and, sometimes, parts of the chest, abdomen, and back. Both are forms of paralysis that often result from injury to the spinal cord.

Why did they change quadriplegia to Tetraplegia?

It combines two different languages. The Greek word for four is “Tetra.” Combine that with “plegia” and you have a word with Greek roots for both halves. The British have always used the term “Tetraplegia” for four-limb paralysis, so they are not combining Latin and Greek words.

What’s the life expectancy of a quadriplegic?

Patients aged 20 years at the time they sustain these injuries have a life expectancy of approximately 35.7 years (patients with high tetraplegia [C1-C4]), 40 years (patients with low tetraplegia [C5-C8]), or 45.2 years (patients with paraplegia).

Who is the longest living quadriplegic?

The longest living quadriplegic is Donald Clarence James (Canada, b. 12 August 1933), who was paralysed on 11 August 1951 and has been paralysed for 69 years and 193 days, as verified on 19 February 2021.

What happens to your body when you have quadriplegia?

Loss of bladder and bowel control. Because the spinal cord nerves control the function of the bladder and bowels, people with quadriplegia have various degrees of loss of control in this area. Without proper management, these problems can lead to urinary tract infections and to constipation.

How is a spinal cord injury treated in quadriplegia?

Trauma Care. Immediate treatment of quadriplegia consists of treating the spinal cord injury or other condition causing the problem. In the case of a spinal cord injury, you will immobilized with special equipment to prevent further injury, while medical personnel work to stabilize your heart rate, blood pressure, and over all condition.

What causes blood clots in people with quadriplegia?

Blood clots. When you have quadriplegia, your blood circulation slows down since you are immobile. This can cause clots to develop. Clots are not always obvious; deep within the muscles are veins which can develop clots (a condition called deep vein thrombosis).

What causes pressure sores in people with quadriplegia?

Complications of Quadriplegia. Pressure sores. When you are immobile for long periods of time, pressure from the weight of the body can cause your skin to develop sores. If you have quadriplegia you are at great risk of developing pressure sores, because you cannot shift your body weight on your own.