What is a reverse Colles fracture?
Smith’s Fracture – Physiopedia Definition/Description Smith’s Fracture is a fracture of the distal end of the radius caused by a fall on the back of the hand (flexed), resulting in a volar displacement of the fractured fragment. It is also known as a reverse Colles fracture.
What is a volar Barton fracture?
A palmar Barton’s fracture of the right wrist, as shown on a 3D-rendered CT scan. Specialty. Orthopedic. A Barton’s fracture is an intra-articular fracture of the distal radius with dislocation of the radiocarpal joint. There exist two types of Barton’s fracture – dorsal and palmar, the latter being more common.
Why is it called chauffeur’s fracture?
The name originates from early chauffeurs, who sustained these injuries when the car back-fired while the chauffeur was hand-cranking to start the car. The back-fire forced the crank backward into the chauffeur’s palm and produced the characteristic styloid fracture.
What is the difference between Smith and Colles fracture?
Smith fractures do not extend to the wrist, hence they are extra-articular. These fractures are usually transverse. Smith fractures are rare and are most often seen in elderly women or young men. A Colles fracture is a broken wrist.
What is Bennett’s fracture?
Bennet’s fracture is a break at the base of the first metacarpal bone (thumb bone) that meets the wrist at the first carpometacarpal (CMC) joint. The hand is composed of 3 types of bones: carpals or wrist bones, metacarpals or long hand bones, and phalanges or finger bones.
How bad is a Smiths fracture?
There is usually immediate pain, tenderness, bruising, and swelling. Depending on the severity of the fracture, the wrist may hang in an odd or bent way.
What is Rolando fracture?
Rolando fracture is a three-part or comminuted intra-articular fracture-dislocation of the base of the thumb (proximal first metacarpal). It can be thought of as a comminuted Bennett fracture.
What is a Bennett’s fracture?
What is the most painful bone in the body to break?
Your femur is located in your thigh, running from your hip to your knee. It’s long and strong and hurts like heck when you break it. In addition to being one of the most painful breaks, a broken femur can damage the large arteries in the leg and cause severe bleeding.
How painful is a Bennett fracture?
Symptoms of this type of fracture include: Severe pain and weakness of the thumb. Swelling of the base of the thumb and back of the hand. Bruising.
How do you reduce Rolando fracture?
To achieve reduction, the thumb is abducted, pronated, and longitudinal traction is applied. Pintract infection is a complication of this method. Closed reduction and percutaneous pin fixation of a Rolando-type fracture.
How do you get a Bennett’s fracture?
Bennett’s fracture is caused due to a direct blow to the bent thumb during contact sports or martial arts. Trauma and falling on an outstretched thumb can also cause the fracture.
What kind of fracture is a reverse Barton fracture?
Reverse Barton fractures, also known as volar type Barton fractures, represents an intra-articular distal radial fracture with volar displacement. In fact, the reverse Barton fracture is a type II Smith fracture: oblique distal intra-articular radial fracture 1,2. For a discussion of this fracture refer to the article on Smith fractures. See also.
Is there a cure for volar Barton’s fracture?
An analysis of the results of treatment. Barton’s fractures – reverse Barton’s fracture. Confusing eponyms. Volar barton’s fractures with concomitant dorsal fracture in older patients.
When was the first study of Barton’s fractures?
An attempt is made to clarify the nature of these injuries by a complete review of the literature and a study of the clinical experience at UCLA Hospital from 1972 through 1975. Ten anterior and five posterior marginal fractures were treated during that period of time, constituting 2.3 per cent of all distal forearm fractures.
How many fractures were treated open and how many closed?
Eight fractures were treated open and seven closed without complications; treatment results have not been determined yet. Eponym descriptions should be discontinued and replaced with a lucid anatomically descriptive classification such as anterior and posterior marginal fracture-dislocations of the distal radius.