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What is the original definition of democracy?

What is the original definition of democracy?

The word ‘democracy’ has its origins in the Greek language. It combines two shorter words: ‘demos’ meaning whole citizen living within a particular city-state and ‘kratos’ meaning power or rule. A belief in shared power: based on a suspicion of concentrated power (whether by individuals, groups or governments).

Which is the best definition of democracy?

1a : government by the people especially : rule of the majority. b : a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving periodically held free elections. 2 : a political unit that has a democratic government.

What do you mean by Basidiocarps?

Basidiocarp, also called basidioma, in fungi, a large sporophore, or fruiting body, in which sexually produced spores are formed on the surface of club-shaped structures (basidia). Basidiocarps are found among the members of the phylum Basidiomycota (q.v.), with the exception of the rust and smut fungi.

Who coined the definition of democracy?

The term democracy first appeared in ancient Greek political and philosophical thought in the city-state of Athens during classical antiquity. Under Cleisthenes, what is generally held as the first example of a type of democracy in 508–507 BC was established in Athens.

What happens during Plasmogamy?

Plasmogamy, the fusion of two protoplasts (the contents of the two cells), brings together two compatible haploid nuclei. At this point, two nuclear types are present in the same cell, but the nuclei have not yet fused.

What is difference between basidia and basidiocarp?

Basidia are found on the surface of the hymenium, and the basidia ultimately produce spores. In its simplest form, a basidiocarp consists of an undifferentiated fruiting structure with a hymenium on the surface; such a structure is characteristic of many simple jelly and club fungi.

What are the 6 features of democracy?

According to the U.S. Department of State, the democratic style of government — adopted by the United States in 1776 — has six basic characteristics: established popular sovereignty, majority rule, individual rights, free and open elections, citizen involvement and open compromise.

Which is the best definition of the word democracy?

The word democracy most often refers to a form of government in which people choose leaders by voting. What is a democratic system of government?

What are the basic principles of a democracy?

Democracy rests upon the principles of majority rule and individual rights. Democracies guard against all-powerful central gov- ernments and decentralize govern- ment to regional and local levels, understanding that all levels of government must be as accessible and responsive to the people as possible.

How does a country call itself a democracy?

Some people assert that a country calling itself a democracy must be engaged in direct (or pure) democracy, in which the people of a state or region vote directly for policies, rather than elect representatives who make choices on their behalf.

Where did the idea of democracy come from?

The word “democracy” comes from two Greek words that mean people (demos) and rule (kratos). Democracy is the idea that the citizens of a country should take an active role in the government of their country and manage it directly or through elected representatives.