What was the response to the 1989 Newcastle earthquake?
After the Newcastle Earthquake in 1989, many individuals, local communities and the governments rallied together in Australia to help restore the lives of those affected. The New South Wales Department of Community Services established an office in Newcastle to deal with problems that resulted from the earthquake.
How long did it take to rebuild after the Newcastle earthquake?
Not long after the tremors struck on that summer Thursday, Newcastle lord mayor John McNaughton, a surveyor, set a timeline to have the city reopened within eight days.
What was the aftermath of the Newcastle earthquake?
The damage bill was estimated at A$4 billion, with over 35,000 homes, 147 schools, and 3,000 other buildings damaged over an area of 9,000 km2. Around 300,000 people were affected by the damage and 1,000 were made homeless. Although earthquakes are not common in Australia, they are by no means unknown.
What natural disaster occurred in Newcastle?
1989 Newcastle earthquake
The 1989 Newcastle earthquake occurred in Newcastle, New South Wales on Thursday, 28 December. The shock measured 5.6 on the Richter magnitude scale and was one of Australia’s most serious natural disasters, killing 13 people and injuring more than 160.
How many people died from the Newcastle earthquake?
On 28 December 1989 at 10:27am, an earthquake measuring 5.6 on the Richter scale hit Newcastle. The earthquake’s epicentre was approximately 15 kilometres from Newcastle’s central business district. The earthquake caused 13 fatalities; 160 people were injured.
What was the Newcastle earthquake caused by?
The magnitude 5.6 quake that struck Newcastle, in New South Wales, on December 28, 1989, killed 13 people, injured 160, and caused 3.5 billion U.S. dollars worth of damage. That quake was triggered by changes in tectonic forces caused by 200 years of underground coal mining, according to a study by Christian D.
Where was Australia’s largest earthquake?
Australia’s largest recorded earthquake was in 1988 at Tennant Creek in the Northern Territory, with an estimated magnitude of 6.6. It occurred in a sparsely populated area and resulted in damage to a major gas pipeline.
Is Newcastle on a fault line?
The earthquake activity in the Newcastle region is south of the north and east dipping Hunter- Mooki Fault System.
How many died in Newcastle earthquake?
Where does the earthquake occur the most often and why?
Over 80 per cent of large earthquakes occur around the edges of the Pacific Ocean, an area known as the ‘Ring of Fire’; this where the Pacific plate is being subducted beneath the surrounding plates. The Ring of Fire is the most seismically and volcanically active zone in the world.
What was the magnitude of the 1989 Newcastle earthquake?
At 10.27am on Thursday, 28 December 1989, Newcastle was devastated by an ML 5.6 ( MW 5.4) earthquake. This was one of the most significant natural disasters in Australia’s history.
What was the effect of the Newcastle earthquake?
Summary The Newcastle earthquake of 1989 had a significant effect on the high voltage transmission assets of the NSW electricity supply grid operated by the Electricity Commission of NSW. Multiple failures of equipment, mainly switchgear, occurred in a number of the electricity substations closest to the earthquake epicentre.
What was the power load in Newcastle in 1989?
2. THE NEWCASTLE EARTHQUAKE, 28THDECEMBER 1989 The NSW Power System was operating normally on the morning of the 28thDecember 1989, delivering a state system load of 5625 MW.
Who was the lead singer in the 1989 Newcastle earthquake?
Silverchair lead singer Daniel Johns lost a childhood friend during the earthquake. Patrick Cullen’s collection of stories, “What Came Between”, begins with the earthquake. Aftershocks, a 1991 play by Paul Brown, is based on interviews with members of the destroyed Newcastle Workers Club.