Users' questions

What does Plasmodium falciparum do to the body?

What does Plasmodium falciparum do to the body?

P. falciparum can cause severe malaria because it multiples rapidly in the blood, and can thus cause severe blood loss (anemia). In addition, the infected parasites can clog small blood vessels. When this occurs in the brain, cerebral malaria results, a complication that can be fatal.

Why is Plasmodium falciparum the deadliest?

Plasmodium falciparum is the most deadly of the human malaria parasites. The particular virulence of this species derives from its ability to subvert the physiology of its host during the blood stages of its development.

What are the characteristics of Plasmodium falciparum?

Plasmodium spp.

Characteristic P. falciparum P. malariae
Erythrocytic cycle: 48 hours 72 hours
Exoerythrocytic cycle: 9 days 14-15 days
Gametocytes: crescent ovoid
Distribution: worldwide in tropics, subtropics & temperate regions scattered in tropics and subtropics

Is falciparum malaria curable?

In general, malaria is a curable disease if diagnosed and treated promptly and correctly. All the clinical symptoms associated with malaria are caused by the asexual erythrocytic or blood stage parasites.

What is the main cause of malaria?

Malaria is caused by the Plasmodium parasite. The parasite can be spread to humans through the bites of infected mosquitoes.

What is the best treatment for malaria?


  • Chloroquine phosphate. Chloroquine is the preferred treatment for any parasite that is sensitive to the drug.
  • Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs). ACT is a combination of two or more drugs that work against the malaria parasite in different ways.

What is the deadliest malaria?

Plasmodium falciparum is a unicellular protozoan parasite of humans, and the deadliest species of Plasmodium that causes malaria in humans. The parasite is transmitted through the bite of a female Anopheles mosquito and causes the disease’s most dangerous form, falciparum malaria.

Is malaria a virus?

A: Malaria is not caused by a virus or bacteria. Malaria is caused by a parasite known as Plasmodium, which is normally spread through infected mosquitoes. A mosquito takes a blood meal from an infected human, taking in Plasmodia which are in the blood.

What is the treatment of Plasmodium falciparum?

For P. falciparum infections acquired in areas with chloroquine resistance, four treatment options are available. These include artemether-lumefantrine (Coartemā„¢), which is the preferred option if readily available, and atovaquone-proguanil (Malaroneā„¢).

What disease does Plasmodium falciparum cause?

Malaria is a global infectious disease that remains a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the developing world. Severe and fatal malaria is predominantly caused by Plasmodium falciparum.

Does malaria ever go away?

With proper treatment, symptoms of malaria usually go away quickly, with a cure within two weeks. Without proper treatment, malaria episodes (fever, chills, sweating) can return periodically over a period of years. After repeated exposure, patients will become partially immune and develop milder disease.

Does malaria stay in your body forever?

Another type of malaria, P. malariae, if not treated, has been known to stay in the blood of some people for several decades. However, in general, if you are correctly treated for malaria, the parasites are eliminated and you are no longer infected with malaria.