Users' questions

What is an example of incommensurable?

What is an example of incommensurable?

Two values (for example, freedom and security) are incommensurable when they cannot be ‘traded off’ against each other: for example, if there is no set amount of freedom that would compensate for a certain loss of security, or vice versa.

What does Kuhn mean by Incommensurability?

Kuhn on Incommensurability dramatically claims that the history of science reveals proponents of competing paradigms failing to make complete contact with each other’s views, so that they are always talking at least slightly at cross-purposes.

What does incommensurable mean in philosophy?

: not commensurable broadly : lacking a basis of comparison in respect to a quality normally subject to comparison.

What is Thomas Kuhn’s philosophy of science?

Kuhn made several claims concerning the progress of scientific knowledge: that scientific fields undergo periodic “paradigm shifts” rather than solely progressing in a linear and continuous way, and that these paradigm shifts open up new approaches to understanding what scientists would never have considered valid …

How do you prove Incommensurability?

The Proof:

  1. Suppose AC and AB are commensurable; let a/b be their ratio expressed in the smallest possible numbers.
  2. Since AC > AB, it follows that a > b.
  3. Now from (I) we get: (AC2/AB2) = (a2/b2) (II).
  4. By the Pythagorean Theorem, AC2 =AB2+BC2, and since AB=BC, we can infer AC2=2AB2. (

Are pleasures commensurable?

I argue that our intuitions draw us in opposing directions: On the one hand, pleasures and pains seem unified and commensurable; on the other hand, they do not. Dimensionalism is the theory that pleasure and pain have the ontological status as opposite sides of a hedonic dimension along which experiences vary.

What did Kuhn believe?

Thomas Kuhn argued that science does not evolve gradually towards truth. Science has a paradigm which remains constant before going through a paradigm shift when current theories can’t explain some phenomenon, and someone proposes a new theory.

What are the 4 paradigms?

Social theory can usefully be conceived in terms of four key paradigms: functionalist, interpretive, radical humanist, and radical structuralist. The four paradigms are founded upon different assumptions about the nature of social science and the nature of society.

Are theories incommensurable?

Two fundamental theories are incommensurable because the meanings of their terms are determined by the theoretical principles that govern their use, and these principles are qualitatively incompatible (1962, 58).

Are there incommensurable values?

Values, such as liberty and equality, are sometimes said to be incommensurable in the sense that their value cannot be reduced to a common measure.

What are the three components of a paradigm?

Let’s explore how ontology, epistemology and methodology can link together to form the paradigm of your research strategy.

What happened to Hippasus?

Hippasus of Metapontum, (flourished c. 500 bc), philosopher, early follower of Pythagoras, coupled by Aristotle with Heraclitus in identifying fire as the first element in the universe. Some traditions say that he was drowned after revealing a mathematical secret of the Pythagorean brotherhood.

How is incommensurability used in the philosophy of Science?

Commensurability or incommensurability is a concept in the philosophy of science to describe comparisons between different unit of measurement. For example, a distance measured in kilometers and a volume of water measured in liters are incommensurable; one cannot convert miles to liters.

Where did the idea of incommensurability come from?

The idea of incommensurability became central to both Kuhn’s historical philosophy and Feyerabend’s philosophical pluralism.

When did Paul Feyerabend suggest the idea of incommensurability?

In 1962 in independent, influential publications, Thomas S. Kuhn and Paul Feyerabend suggested the provocative idea that some scientific theories (concepts, paradigms, worldviews) separated by a scientific revolution are incommensurable. They have “no common measure.”

When do values or bearers of value become incommensurable?

Values or bearers of value are then incommensurable only when not even an ordinal comparison or ranking is possible (e.g., Raz 1986; Rabinowicz 2021a). On this interpretation, incommensurability is defined as the relation that holds between two items when neither is better than the other nor are they equally as good.