What is organic chemistry theory?

What is organic chemistry theory?

Organic chemistry is the scientific study of the structure, properties, composition, reactions, and synthesis of organic compounds that by definition contain carbon. Organic compounds are molecules composed of carbon and hydrogen, and may contain any number of other elements.

What is the important theory in organic chemistry?

Organic reactions are chemical reactions involving organic compounds. The general theory of these reactions involves careful analysis of such properties as the electron affinity of key atoms, bond strengths and steric hindrance.

What is electronic theory in organic chemistry?

theories that deal with the structure, physical properties, and reactivity of organic compounds in terms of the electron density distribution of atoms and molecules and the shifts in electron density that occur during chemical reactions.

What are the basics of organic chemistry?

One atom of carbon can combine with up to four other atoms. Therefore, organic compounds usually are large and can have several atoms and molecules bonded together. Organic molecules can be large, and they comprise the structural components of living organisms: carbohydrates, proteins, nucleic acids, and lipids.

What are the 5 main organic compounds?

Among the numerous types of organic compounds, four major categories are found in all living things: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids.

Who is the father of organic chemistry?

Friedrich Wöhler

Friedrich Wöhler
Known for Organic chemistry Cocrystal Isomerism Wöhler synthesis Wöhler process
Spouse(s) Franziska Maria Wöhler ​ ​ ( m. 1828; died 1832)​ Julie Pfeiffer ​ ( m. 1832)​
Children 6
Awards Copley Medal (1872)

What is electronics theory?

Electronic Structure Theory describes the motions of electrons in atoms or molecules. Roughly speaking, relativistic effects are not generally considered important for atoms with atomic number below about 25 (Mn).

What are electronic factors?

Electronic factors that influence organic reactions include the inductive effect, electromeric effect, resonance effects, and hyperconjugation. Part of this variety in organic chemistry stems from differences in electron behavior when elements other than carbon and hydrogen participate in molecular bonds.

What are the 4 major types of organic compounds?

There are four major classes of biological macromolecules:

  • carbohydrates.
  • lipids.
  • proteins.
  • nucleic acids.

What are the 2 major types of organic compounds?

There are four main types, or classes, of organic compounds found in all living things: carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, and nucleic acids. In addition, there are other organic compounds that may be found in or produced by some organisms.

Who is the first father of chemistry?

1: ANTOINE LAVOISIER (1743–1794): Father of chemistry.

Who is known as father of Indian chemistry?

Prafulla Chandra Ray
A prominent scientist, educationist, philanthropist, historian, and industrialist, Prafulla Chandra Ray has been known for his big contributions in many fields. Here’s a look at his life as a revolutionary scientist.