What is the documentary hypothesis theory?
The documentary hypothesis (DH) is one of the models historically used by biblical scholars to explain the origins and composition of the Torah (or Pentateuch, the first five books of the Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy).
What is Julius Wellhausen known for?
Julius Wellhausen, (born May 17, 1844, Hameln, Hanover [Germany]—died Jan. 7, 1918, Göttingen, Ger.), German biblical scholar best known for his analysis of the structure and dating of the Pentateuch.
What is the documentary hypothesis quizlet?
What is the Documentary Hypothesis? It is a theory that the Pentateuch was assembled by a redactor (could be one person or a committee) combining the work from various different sources to preserve story while in exile.
What is JEDP source?
Briefly stated, the JEDP Source Theory states that the Hebrew Bible (Christian Old testament) was written by a series of authors writing within 4 literary traditions. These traditions are known as J, E, D, and P. J (the Jahwist or Jerusalem source) uses YHWH as God’s name.
What are the four sources of the documentary hypothesis?
According to the documentary hypothesis, the torah was formed when a certain redactor combined three main source texts together, one of which was itself a combination of two earlier main sources. These four sources are known as the Jahwist source, Elohist source, Priestly source, and Deuteronomist source.
What is the four source theory?
A four-document hypothesis or four-source hypothesis is an explanation for the relationship between the three Gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke. It posits that there were at least four sources to the Gospel of Matthew and the Gospel of Luke: the Gospel of Mark and three lost sources (Q, M, and L).
How do you form criticism?
Form criticism begins by identifying a text’s genre or conventional literary form, such as parables, proverbs, epistles, or love poems. It goes on to seek the sociological setting for each text’s genre, its “situation in life” (German: Sitz im Leben).
What is the JEDP theory of Genesis?
The JEDP theory seeks to understand the authorship of the Pentateuch in light of the Documentary Hypothesis. This view believes that the Pentateuch represents the conflation of four different sources rather than the work of primarily one author, traditionally Moses.
Which is the best definition of the documentary hypothesis?
Documentary Hypothesis: Documentary Hypothesis “The Documentary Hypothesis is a theory, also known as JEDP, that states that the first five books of the Bible, called the Pentateuch consisting of Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy, were not written completely by Moses but by different authors.”
What is the evidence for Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch quizlet?
What is the evidence for Mosaic authorship of the Pentateuch? There are parts in exodus where it claims that Moses wrote at least that part down. Also in Numbers in Deut. “The LORD spoke to Moses, saying” is used several times.
What is the 4 source theory?