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What was the goal of the monster study?

What was the goal of the monster study?

The Monster Study was conducted by Dr. Wendell Johnson. Johnson was a speech pathologist, and he wanted to know more about why children developed a stutter. He developed the Monster Study to see if stuttering was not the result of biology, but of learned behavior.

Why was the monster study experiment unethical?

The Monster study is speech impediment experiment that was done on the children that lived in the orphanage. This study violated a lot of ethical issues because the children were psychological harm, informed consent was not given and the subjects were deceived.

What was the control group in the monster study?

Group IIB acted as the control, where normal-speaking subjects were complimented on their diction and speech for the entire duration of the experiment. The experiment was an eight-month experiment, running from January to August of 1939.

What causes stutter?

Researchers currently believe that stuttering is caused by a combination of factors, including genetics, language development, environment, as well as brain structure and function[1]. Working together, these factors can influence the speech of a person who stutters.

What is Diagnosogenic theory?

The diagnosogenic (semantogenic) theory for the onset of stuttering was initially proposed by Wendell Johnson in the early 1940s. It suggested that calling attention to a child’s normal hesitations (repetitions) could precipitate stuttering (Bloodstein, 1987).

What was wrong with the monster study?

The Monster Study was a stuttering experiment performed on 22 orphan children in Davenport, Iowa in 1939. Many of the normal speaking orphan children who received negative therapy in the experiment suffered negative psychological effects, and some retained speech problems for the rest of their lives. …

What were the consequences of the monster study?

Nothing in the study indicated any of the subjects became stutterers. But researchers concluded that those in the negative therapy group showed a loss of self-esteem and other detrimental effects seen in adult stutterers.

What are the ethical issues with the Little Albert experiment?

according to today’s ethical standards, the nature of the study itself would be considered unethical, as it did not protect Albert from psychological harm, because its purpose was to induce a state of fear. Many sources claim that Little Albert was used as a subject in the study without the permission of his mother.

What is the Diagnosogenic theory of stuttering?

Is stuttering a disability?

Accordingly, the definitions contained in the ADA strongly suggest that stuttering is a disability: It may impair one’s ability to speak, communicate and work.