Users' questions

What was the Group Areas Act of 1950?

What was the Group Areas Act of 1950?

The Group Areas Act of 1950 divided the lands in which blacks and whites resided into distinct residential zones. This act established the distinct areas of South Africa in which members of each race could live and work, typically setting aside the best urban, industrial, and agricultural areas for whites.

Who is responsible for ending apartheid?

The apartheid system in South Africa was ended through a series of negotiations between 1990 and 1993 and through unilateral steps by the de Klerk government. These negotiations took place between the governing National Party, the African National Congress, and a wide variety of other political organisations.

How did the government respond to these acts of defiance against apartheid?

The Defiance Campaign In early 1953, the Government imposed stiff penalties for protesting against discriminatory laws, including heavy fines and prison sentences of up to five years.

Is the ANC communist?

Ideology. The ANC deems itself a force of national liberation in the post-apartheid era; it officially defines its agenda as the National Democratic Revolution. The ANC is a member of the Socialist International. In 2004, the ANC declared itself to be a social democratic party.

How did forced removals affect people’s lives?

Indian people found their economic prosperity diminished by the increased restrictions of segregation and were often driven into poverty when they were forced out of their homes and businesses.

How did the Population Registration Act of 1950 affect people’s lives?

The Population Registration Act of 1950 required the people of South Africa to register their racial identity with the Office for Racial Classification. A persons race would fall into one of three categories, white, black, or colored, depending on their physical characteristics or social standing.

Why did the apartheid last so long?

They found the crude expression of racism distasteful and resented being shut out from power.” Political apartheid in South Africa was so durable because it was built upon a well‑founded ideological structure that curbed black influence in all corners of society.

How apartheid affected people’s lives and how did they respond?

Apartheid is the systematic segregation of a particular group of people by a country’s government. They were evicted from their homes and forced into segregated residential areas. The segregation affected access to social amenities and institutions. Schools and hospitals, among other public services, were segregated.

What did the policy of apartheid create?

Apartheid- It was the policy of social discrimination followed in South Africa. This policy divided the people and labelled them on the basis of their skin colour. Under this system, blacks were forbidden from living in white areas. In South Africa, white did not give equal rights to the native Africans.

When was the Communist Party banned?

841-844) is an American law signed by President Dwight Eisenhower on 24 August 1954 that outlaws the Communist Party of the United States and criminalizes membership in or support for the party or “Communist-action” organizations and defines evidence to be considered by a jury in determining participation in the …