Where is Christ Pantocrator located?

Where is Christ Pantocrator located?

Christ Pantocrator is a painted wood panel dating back to the 6th century from St. Catherine’s Monastery located in Sinai, Egypt. This painting is considered one of the oldest Byzantine religious icons and is the earliest known work of the pantocrator style (Lowden, 66).

What do Christ Pantokrator images show?

The icon Christ Pantocrator emphasizes Jesus’ omnipotence, his power to do anything. Jesus is the “Ruler of All” who sustains all things. The symbolism of Christ Pantocrator (explained below) borrows from Roman imperial imagery to project his sovereign power.

How was the Christ Pantocrator painted?

As with many of the early icons from Sinai, the Christ Pantocrator was created by using this technique, known as encaustic—a medium using hot wax paint—that would rarely continue to be utilized in the Byzantine world after the iconoclastic controversies of the eighth and ninth centuries.

Who created Christ Pantocrator?

The iconography of this scene was developed in the early 15th century in Russia by the Byzantine artist Feofan Grec (Theophanes the Greek).

What is the oldest icon in the world?

The oldest known surviving example of the icon of Christ Pantocrator was painted in encaustic on panel in the sixth or seventh century, and survived the period of destruction of images during the Iconoclastic disputes that twice racked the Eastern church, 726 to 787 and 814 to 842.

What book is Jesus holding?

RF 2G996FC–Christ Pantocrator blesses the congregation of the Roman Catholic Duomo or cathedral in Cefalu, Sicily, Italy, with his right hand, as his left hand holds an open book bearing the Greek and Latin Gospel text from John 8:12: “I am the light of the world.

What did iconoclasts believe?

Iconoclasm (from Greek: εἰκών, eikṓn, ‘figure, icon’ + κλάω, kláō, ‘to break’) is the social belief in the importance of the destruction of icons and other images or monuments, most frequently for religious or political reasons.

What is the picture of Mary and Jesus called?

A Madonna (Italian: [maˈdɔ]) is a representation of Mary, either alone or with her child Jesus. These images are central icons for both the Catholic and Orthodox churches.

What does IC XC stand for?

Jesus Christ
This Eastern Orthodox necklace pendant is a medal-style and says IC XC NI KA or NIKA. IC XC is a Christogram abbreviation for Jesus Christ and NIKA is Conquers = Jesus Christ Conquers.

Who ended iconoclasm?

The second Iconoclast period ended with the death of the emperor Theophilus in 842. In 843 his widow, Empress Theodora, finally restored icon veneration, an event still celebrated in the Eastern Orthodox Church as the Feast of Orthodoxy.

What does Iconoclast literally mean?

image destroyer
Icon comes from the Greek eikōn, which is from eikenai, meaning “to resemble.” Iconoclast comes to us by way of Medieval Latin from Middle Greek eikonoklastēs, which joins eikōn with a form of the word klan, meaning “to break.” Iconoclast literally means “image destroyer.”

Is the Pieta biblical?

The Pieta is one of several representations used in Biblical art to depict a grieving Virgin Mary (the Mater Dolorosa). Another comes from the Stations of the Cross, when the weeping mother meets her son Jesus on the way to his Crucifixion at Calvary.

Where is the oldest example of Christ Pantocrator?

The oldest example of the icon of Christ Pantocrator, one of a few survived the iconoclastic period in the 8th century, is preserved in the Monastery of St. Catherine in Sinai. The icon was painted in wax tempera, a popular icon painting technique originating from Late Egypt, which impresses with its naturalistic manner and golden tones.

Who was the founder of St Catherine’s monastery?

Background. When Saint Catherine’s Monastery was founded by the Byzantine emperor Justinian I, late in his reign, between 548 and 565, it enjoyed imperial patronage and donations from Justinian and his court, with the Christ Pantocrator icon having been one of the many possible imperial gifts.

Where did the Christ Pantocrator of Sinai come from?

Christ Pantocrator from Saint Catherine’s Monastery in Sinai. The Christ Pantocrator of St. Catherine’s Monastery at Sinai is one of the oldest Eastern Roman religious icons, dating from the 6th century AD.

Who are the Saints on the walls of the Pantocrator?

Mary, and the other saints and prophets are portrayed on the walls immediately below the Pantocrator, while the floor level is reserved for the members of the church. In this way, every gathering is a literal representation of Christ drawing his entire church to him.