Which method is used for HIV pretest counselling?

Which method is used for HIV pretest counselling?

It is therefore essential that the process of HIV testing be accompanied by counselling….POST-TEST COUNSELLING (TEST NEGATIVE)

# Immediately reveal that the test was negative
# Reinforce risk reduction information
# Explore sustainable changes in behavior

What is pre-test and post test counseling?

This is know as pre-test counselling and is aimed at ensuring hat you make a well-informed decision about whether to have the HIV test or not, and encourages you to explore the possible impact that having the test may have on your life. Once the test had been done, you will receive post-test counselling.

What is pre-test counselling in HIV?

The purpose of pre-test HIV counselling is to provide you with information on the technical aspects of testing and the possible personal, medical, social, psychological, legal and ethical implications of being diagnosed as either HIV positive or HIV negative.

Is counseling mandatory before and after HIV test?

Everyone who is diagnosed HIV-positive should receive post-test counselling, including couples where one or both are diagnosed HIV-positive. People whose test results are not yet confirmed or whose HIV status is reported as inconclusive need follow-up services to ensure that they receive an HIV diagnosis.

What are the 5 Cs in counseling?

5Cs: Consent, Confidentiality, Counselling, Correct Results and Connection; 2015 – PAHO/WHO | Pan American Health Organization.

What is the best kind of Counselling?

Psychodynamic Counseling Psychodynamic Counseling is probably the most well-known counseling approach. Rooted in Freudian theory, this type of counseling involves building strong therapist–client alliances.

What are the principles of Counselling?

Basic principles are: . Principle of acceptance, Principle of communication, Principle of non judgmental attitude, Principle of empathy, Principle of confidentiality, Principle of individuality, Principle of non-emotional involvement, and Principle of purposeful expression of feelings.

What are the 3 types of counseling?

In order to make finding the counseling example you need easier, counseling examples are now organized into the three broad types of counseling: Performance Counseling, Event-Oriented Counseling, and Professional Growth.

What are the 6 methods of counseling?

Fortunately, almost all of the many individual theoretical models of counseling fall into one or more of six major theoretical categories: humanistic, cognitive, behavioral, psychoanalytic, constructionist and systemic.

What are the 7 principles of counseling?

Determine the nature and dimensions of the dilemma. Examine the dilemma’s implications for each of the foundational principles: autonomy, justice, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and fidelity.

What are the 6 principles of counseling?

The six ethical principles (autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, justice, fidelity, and veracity) form the substrate on which enduring professional ethical obligations are based.

What are 2 types of counseling?

Common Types of Counselors

  • Marriage and family counseling.
  • Guidance and career counseling.
  • Rehabilitation counseling.
  • Mental health counseling.
  • Substance abuse counseling.
  • Educational Counseling.

Are there pre test and post test counselling for HIV?

The following is an outline of the requirements, techniques, procedure for pre-test and post-test counselling for people who come to take the HIV test. This program has been developed by Dr. Bitra George at Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi.

What do you need to know about pre test counselling?

These are the important elements of pre-test counselling: Determining the level to which a person is aware and informed (or in denial) of their risk of HIV infection and facilitating an accurate self-perception of risk;

Are there any checklists for HIV positive women?

It may be helpful to translate the checklists into the local language. There are 3 checklists: one on pre-test counseling, one on post-test counseling for HIV-negative women, and one on post-test counseling for HIV-positive women. Pre-test counseling may be conducted individually or in group sessions, depending on national and clinic protocols.

What to do after a HIV positive test?

POST-TEST COUNSELLING FOR A HIV POSITIVE RESULT. Build a support system consisting of friends and relatives. Encourage the patient to bring along one or more such persons to the counselling sessions. Develop a system of home based care for common infections and even for some of the simpler opportunistic infections.