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Why demand curve is kinked in oligopoly?

Why demand curve is kinked in oligopoly?

The oligopolist faces a kinked‚Äźdemand curve because of competition from other oligopolists in the market. If the oligopolist increases its price above the equilibrium price P, it is assumed that the other oligopolists in the market will not follow with price increases of their own.

What is oligopoly market explain with diagram?

Collusive Oligopoly If firms in oligopoly collude and form a cartel, then they will try and fix the price at the level which maximises profits for the industry. They will then set quotas to keep output at the profit maximising level. The price and output in oligopoly will reflect the price and output of a monopoly.

What is kinked demand curve explain with diagram?

Answer: In an oligopolistic market, the kinked demand curve hypothesis states that the firm faces a demand curve with a kink at the prevailing price level. The curve is more elastic above the kink and less elastic below it. This means that the response to a price increase is less than the response to a price decrease.

What causes a kinked demand curve?

A kinked demand curve occurs when the demand curve is not a straight line but has a different elasticity for higher and lower prices. One example of a kinked demand curve is the model for an oligopoly. The kink in the demand curve occurs because rival firms will behave differently to price cuts and price increases.

Is Netflix an oligopoly?

The market structure that Netflix operates under is an oligopoly. In an oligopoly, there are a few companies that control the entire market. In the streaming market, Netflix, Hulu, and Amazon Are the main competitors. With Netflix being the market leader, they have large influence over this market.

Is Coca Cola an oligopoly?

Oligopoly: the market where only a few companies or firms making offering a product or service. The soft drink company Coca-Cola can be seen as an oligopoly. There are two companies which control the vast majority of the market share of the soft drink industry which is Coca-Cola and Pepsi.

Who gave the concept of kinked demand curve?

economist Sweezy
American economist Sweezy came up with the kinked demand curve hypothesis to explain the reason behind this price rigidity under oligopoly.

What are the limitations of kinked demand curve model?

Drawbacks Of Kinked Demand Curves First, it does not explain the mechanism of establishing the kink in the demand curve. It also does not state how the kinked demand curve is reformed when price/quantity changes. Most of the time, other oligopolists follow pricing decisions when one oligopolist increases the price.

What is price rigidity and kinked demand curve?

The kinked-demand curve model (also called Sweezy model) posits that price rigidity exists in an oligopoly because an oligopolistic firm faces a kinked demand curve, a demand curve in which the segment above the market price is relatively more elastic than the segment below it.

What are the two types of oligopoly?

Depending on the Openness of the Market, Oligopoly is of Two Types:

  • Open Oligopoly Market.
  • Closed Oligopoly Market.
  • Collusive Oligopoly.
  • Competitive Oligopoly.
  • Partial Oligopoly.
  • Full Oligopoly.
  • Syndicated Oligopoly.
  • Organised Oligopoly.

Why is Coca-Cola a oligopoly?

In the carbonated soft drinks industry there are two well-known giants in the market, Pepsi and Coca-Cola. With these firms selling CSD of similar tastes, their products became perfect substitutes of each other and since they are the only large firms in the industry we can conclude that this is an oligopoly market.