What is ocular fundus?
The fundus is the inside, back surface of the eye. It is made up of the retina, macula, optic disc, fovea and blood vessels. With fundus photography, a special fundus camera points through the pupil to the back of the eye and takes pictures. These pictures help your eye doctor to find, watch and treat disease.
Where is fundus of the eye?
The fundus of the eye is the interior surface of the eye opposite the lens and includes the retina, optic disc, macula, fovea, and posterior pole. The fundus can be examined by ophthalmoscopy and/or fundus photography.
What is the use of fundus of eye?
It provides a bird’s eye view of entire layers on the retina (the interior surface of the eye) and allows your doctor to provide the most accurate diagnosis.
What should the ocular fundus look like?
Fundal examination should be an integral part of any eye examination. The cup/disk ratio is slightly larger in the African American population. The normal fundus should be void of any hemorrhages, exudates, or tortuous vasculature.
Why fundus examination is done?
This test is often included in a routine eye exam to screen for eye diseases. Your eye doctor may also order it if you have a condition that affects your blood vessels, such as high blood pressure or diabetes. Ophthalmoscopy may also be called funduscopy or retinal examination.
What does fundus mean in medical terms?
(FUN-dus) The part of a hollow organ that is across from, or farthest away from, the organ’s opening. Depending on the organ, the fundus may be at the top or bottom of the organ. For example, the fundus of the uterus is the top part of the uterus that is across from the cervix (the opening of the uterus).
What fundus means?
The part of a hollow organ that is across from, or farthest away from, the organ’s opening. Depending on the organ, the fundus may be at the top or bottom of the organ. For example, the fundus of the uterus is the top part of the uterus that is across from the cervix (the opening of the uterus).
What is the purpose of fundus photography?
Color Fundus Retinal Photography uses a fundus camera to record color images of the condition of the interior surface of the eye, in order to document the presence of disorders and monitor their change over time.
What is the function of fundus?
Fundus. The fundus stores gas produced during digestion. It typically doesn’t store any food; however, it can if the stomach is very full.
What is a normal optic disc?
The mean vertical and horizontal disc diameters were 1.88 and 1.77 mm, respectively. These figures are larger than most estimates of disc diameter using clinical image analysis methods. Within our sample, larger eyes did not have larger discs.
Why is Fundoscopy important?
Fundoscopic / Ophthalmoscopic Exam. Visualization of the retina can provide lots of information about a medical diagnosis. These diagnoses include high blood pressure, diabetes, increased pressure in the brain and infections like endocarditis.
Why is Fundus examination done?
Which is part of the eye contains the fundus?
Fundus (eye) The fundus of the eye is the interior surface of the eye opposite the lens and includes the retina, optic disc, macula, fovea, and posterior pole. The fundus can be examined by ophthalmoscopy and/or fundus photography. The term fundus may also be inclusive of Bruch’s membrane and the choroid.
What does it mean to dilate the fundus of the eye?
Dilated fundus examination or dilated-pupil fundus examination (DFE) is a diagnostic procedure that employs the use of mydriatic eye drops (such as tropicamide) to dilate or enlarge the pupil in order to obtain a better view of the fundus of the eye.
How are fundus photographs used in ophthalmology?
Fundus photographs are ocular documentation that record the appearance of a patient’s retina. The photographs allow the clinician to study a patient’s retina, detect retinal changes and review a patient’s retinal findings with a coworker. Fundus photographs are routinely called upon in a wide variety of ophthalmic conditions.
Which is the brighter spot in the fundus?
The left image (right eye) shows lighter areas close to larger vessels, which has been regarded as a normal finding in younger people. A fundus photo, showing the optic disc as a bright area on the right where blood vessels converge. The spot to the left of the centre is the macula. The grey, more diffuse spot in the centre is a shadow artifact.